Welcome to the website of the 7th International Colloquium on Tourism and Leisure, which will be held at the Ramada D’MA Hotel, Bangkok. This year’s theme is on “Gender, Sexualities and Boundaries”, and we look forward to interesting and informative papers on how gender issues are bound up with tourist and leisure systems.
As with our previous conferences, we are happy to receive interesting papers on general tourism and leisure themes, however this year we particularly welcome research involving gender and sexuality issues. We anticipate key themes on the following: diversity issues; women in tourism, tourism marketing, masculinities, moral boundaries, gender and sport, and humor; as well as more general themes on eco-tourism, authenticity, Asian tourisms, sustainable tourism, mega-events, hospitality issues, tourism forecasting; and emerging issues such as space tourism and Muslim tourisms. We expect another interesting and informative conference, and look forward to welcoming you to Bangkok.
The different types of tourists in tourism industry
Webster Dictionary defines tourism as: the practice of traveling for recreation. While the vast majority of tourists do indeed travel for recreational pleasure, a person can tour in another country for a variety of other reasons. A reason can be he/she is a retiree, who has already received the retirement gifts and now has a lot of free time to travel all around the world. Provided a traveler is present in that country for no longer than one year they are considered a tourist. Let’s take a quick look at the different types of tourists that may be found traveling away from home.
The Adventure Tourist
People who travel to other countries in search of thrilling adventures such as bungee jumping, rock climbing and other like experiences are considered to be adventure tourists. Adventure seekers may also travel to different regions of their own country to experience exciting outdoor events that are not available in their own region.
The Backpacking Tourist
Typically young, this type of tourist likes to experience another country on a limited budget, staying in youth hostels or other cheap accommodations. They usually travel by foot and have no fixed schedule beyond their return flight home. This type of tourist will often travel alone, although young couples may be found backpacking their way around the likes of Europe. Students straight out of college like to undertake this form of travel before settling down into their first employment position.
The Business Tourist
It is common practice for people to travel to other countries for business purposes. This can involve anything from a 3 day stay to attend a conference, to staying in a country for many months to launch a new international branch of their existing business back home. In some instances a whole team will set up base in another country to get a new business venture up and running efficiently and then hire locals to run it.
The Cultural Tourist
This type of tourist will travel in order to experience how other people live, learn about music and art styles of those people and go to museums and festivals. These tourists are also likely to have a keen interest in historical aspects of a country, visiting old ruins, monuments and similar landmarks.
The Eco-Tourist travels in order to experience unspoiled, natural environments. Typically they will seek out areas that are as untouched by man as possible. They have a strong interest in wildlife and nature, and will always choose low population areas over big cities. These tourists have a great appreciation for seeing a country’s wilderness regions and very low-populated areas.
The Education Tourist
When students travel to tour another country to further their education they are classed as education tourists. Someone might choose to live in a country for 6 months to improve their language skills and would be considered an education tourist. Another reason to become an education tourist is to undertake a particular course not offered locally.
The Incentive Tourist
When holiday packages are provided to an employee as a reward for outstanding work or service he or she would be an incentive tourist. Travel packages are often offered to sales representatives as incentive for them to work harder to achieve record sales. Multi-level marketing companies often offer international vacation packages to those who excel at either sales or bringing new people into the company.
The Leisure Tourist
This type of tourist is your everyday tourist who wants to get away from their usual busy life, relax on a sandy beach, swim, perhaps take a cruise and for the most part enjoy doing very little but relax. Some leisure tourists will take guided tours and enjoy organized events where they do not have any responsibility except to be there at the designated starting time.
The Medical Health Tourist
When a person requires medical treatment that can only be provided in another country they may visit as a medical or health tourist. When warmer climes are recommended for a person’s health they may travel to another country and stay for the months that the weather is not conducive to good health in their own country.
The Religious Tourist
The Religious tourist is one who seeks out places of religious significance. He or she may make a pilgrimage to a certain site to celebrate a religious event or occasion. This type of tourist is likely to have a strong religious faith and is seeking to enhance their spiritualism.
The Special Interest Tourist
Hobbyists would fall into this category of tourist. People will travel to another country in order to experience and learn more about their passion, hobby or special interest. The same is true of collectors who will travel to attend auctions where a rare piece is offered for sale.
The Sport Tourist
The Sport tourist will travel to other countries to watch or participate in a sporting event. A prime example of this type of tourist is the Olympic Games attendee or participant. They will arrive in just before the event and leave again soon after the event ends.
Tourism plays an extremely important role in boosting the economy of many countries, with some regions of the world relying heavily on the injection of money that tourism brings. Though this differs from country to country there is little doubt that tourism has a positive effect on economic growth worldwide. Everyone from hotel chain owners, right down to the local craft vendor benefits from tourism, with some relying solely upon the income tourists generate. When the likes of a natural disaster or war causes tourists to avoid traveling to the affected country, that country is likely to suffer great financial loss that may take years to recover from.
While tourism may immediately bring international travel to mind, domestic tourism is just as important. Hosting cultural, sporting or business events can provide an economic boost by people attending. Hotels and restaurants will enjoy full occupancy, transportation systems will be busy and shops will find their sales numbers increase as people attending the hosted event spend their leisure money. Not everyone can afford to travel internationally, or even wish to, but may instead vacation in another part of their home country.
The International Colloquium on Tourism and Leisure (ICTL) has a number of upcoming events that are worth noting, as follows:
SLOVENIA 23 – 25 March 2017 – AIRTH 2017 Conference. Innovation in Tourism and Hospitality – Preparing for the Future
The conference will explore several aspects of tourism and hospitality, with specific focus on innovation and is also aiming to kick-start the AIRTH network.
South Africa – 30 – 31 March 2017 – Pan-African Health Tourism Conference
The focus of this conference is on the Health Tourism Stakeholders in Africa and more specifically issues pertaining to development, promotion and investment for providers, services and destinations, along with employment opportunities within Health Tourism.
Finland – 3 – 5 April 2017 – The Future of Winter Tourism 2017
The workshop is to discuss winter tourism with a focus on tourism demand, rural tourism, recreation demand, consumption behavior, travelers and sustainability.
Canada – 6 – 7 April 2017 – Second International Conference on Tourism & Leisure Studies
Themes for the conference are as follows:
- Changing dimensions of contemporary tourism
- Changing dimensions of contemporary leisure
- Tourism and leisure industries
- Critical issues in tourism and leisure studies
Portugal – 18 – 22 April 2017 – 5th UNESCO UNITWIN Conference “Local identity and tourism management on world heritage sites – Trends and challenges”
This Conference is a debate between different participants and case studies with the objective of building each World Heritage site so they can design ways of improving the quality of life of local residents and create a marketing strategy for cultural/heritage reference products that will improve what World Heritage Sites have to offer.